Driving Controls for People With Disability

There are so many features to look for when buying a converted car

Rapidly improving technologies mean more and more people with disability are now able to drive independently. A great range of driving controls for people with disability are available these days. These can include hand controls, foot controls and voice command controls. The type best suited for you will depend on the nature of your disability.

Read on to learn about driving controls for people with disability.

Who you can talk to

An occupational therapist is a great resource when choosing driving controls. They can help assist in selecting the right one based on your needs. If you are purchasing a specialised vehicle, they can also support you along the way.

Another source of information is your vehicle converter, who will be installing the driving controls. Your converter will inspect the car to determine what controls can be added. Then they will work with you to install the right choice.

Hand driving controls

The most common driving controls for people with disability are hand controls. There are two main types:

  1. Those that transfer functions normally accessed by the feet to hand control, and
  2. Those that make traditional hand controls more easily accessible to people with impaired hand and/or arm strength and mobility.

When choosing driving controls, be sure to consult your occupational therapist along the way. They can also help when purchasing a specialised vehicle to accommodate driving controls you need.

Transferred pedal functions

Traditionally, most drivers use their feet to access their vehicle’s accelerator, brake and clutch. For people with limited foot control, all these functions can be transferred to hand control. With this, total foot-free driving can be achieved. There are a number of hand-controlled brakes and accelerators available too, with many of these systems combined into one.

Popular hand-controlled accelerator and brake systems include:

  • Ring accelerators, mounted on the steering wheel.
  • Electronic radial and trigger accelerators.
  • Satellite controls, worn by the driver like a glove.
  • Brake levers, mounted on the steering column.
  • Mechanical hand controls for accelerator and brake.

Wireless satellite accelerator
Wireless Satellite Accelerator

Spinner grip with multi-function keypad
Spinner Grip with Multi-Function Keypad

For drivers using a manual transmission who are unable to operate the clutch with their foot, electronic clutch controls can be installed on the gear lever.

Controlling the steering

Often a person’s ability to engage with the steering wheel is affected by their disability. There are a large range and variety of options to assist with this. From a simple spinner knob through to bespoke steering aids made to suit a person’s specific disability.

Steering aids are also available with switches to enable operation of secondary functions such as indicators, high and low beam lights and horn. It is advisable to speak with your occupational therapist and vehicle modifier. They can assist with selecting a safe and suitable option.

Radial ring
Radial Ring

Spinner knob
Spinner Knob

Spinner Hand Controls

One of the most important functions  usually performed by a driver’s hands and arms is steering. One of the most commonly used hand steering options are spinner knobs, designed to make turning the steering wheel easier. Many spinner knobs also include features that provide orthopaedic support to a driver’s arms while steering.

Have inadequate strength and range of movement to operate conventional or modified conventional controls? There are alternative controls available that require extremely low effort. They provide an option to be able to steer, brake and accelerate using very small movements and low effort.

These are very advanced driving controls. Because any failure of the system could be extremely dangerous, these modifications require stringent independent testing and competent multiple redundancies to ensure their safety.

If you are considering such low effort control systems, ensure they have the required certification and testing. Also ensure the vehicle converter you choose is experienced in working with these technologies.

Modifying secondary controls

Secondary functions, like lights, indicators, windscreen wipers and windows are also usually controlled by a driver’s hands. There are many ways to modify access to secondary controls. They can be incorporated into mechanical hand controls, electronic radial and occasionally brake levers. They can also be controlled by a remote unit that attaches to your steering wheel, spinner knob or steering aids. For people with more serious hand or arm impairments, they can be mounted on head-activated switches or operated by voice-control units.

Five-way keypad hand-controls for indicator, lights, horn and wipers
Five-Way Keypad Hand-Controls for Indicator, Lights, Horn and Wipers

Hand break modification
Hand Brake Modification

Foot Steering Controls

One of the more recent developments in accessible driving is foot-controlled steering. Foot-controlled steering is suitable for people with little or no use of their arms, but drivers must have excellent lower body strength and control. A rotating footplate is installed to act as a steering wheel, with the left foot operating the steering. The right foot operates the brake and accelerator in the usual fashion. No arm or hand control is required to operate the vehicle’s primary functions.

Foot steering
Foot Steering

Foot-controlled steering can be complemented by voice-controlled secondary functions for lights, indicators, windscreen wipers and the like. This allows for hands-free driving. Foot controls are currently only available in Australia from a limited number of manufacturers. If you are considering these make sure you choose a converter familiar with this technology.

Voice Command Controls

Voice command technology can be used to operate your vehicle’s secondary controls. The units for voice command connect directly to your car for instant control of windscreen wipers, windows, lights, horns and indicators. Many voice command units can be trained to recognise your specific voice. This makes them accessible to people with heavy accents and some types of speech impediments.

Voice activated controls
Voice Activated Controls


Different Types of Driving Controls

  • People with limited use of their legs can get hand controls for functions like accelerators, brakes and clutches.
  • Pedals can be lengthened for people of short stature or rearranged for people who only have use of one leg.
  • People who only have use of one arm or with limited arm strength can steer with the help of spinner knobs. There are even driving control options available for people who have no use of their arms, but who have good lower body control. The driver steers with his or her left leg, using a rotating footplate, while they operate the brake and accelerator with their right.
  • Controls that are not used while driving, such as automatic doors or ramps, can even be controlled via your laptop or smartphone.
  • Voice command technology can be used to operate your vehicle’s secondary controls such as lights, windows and indicators.

Stay in control with insurance

Does your car have a driving control? We can help you protect it with Blue Badge Comprehensive Insurance for Disability Converted Cars. We specialise in insuring a range of conversions and modifications, which can be added to your insurance with us.

Want to learn more about driving controls for people with disability? Download our A-Z Guide on Disability Converted Cars to learn everything you need to know about buying, owning and maintaining a disability converted vehicle.

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